Observation about black and white

Today I will post an observation about black and white images. This was inspired by my short post on a film thread I follow on Fredmiranda . This is what I said:

“Observation and not intended to derail this thread: The more I shoot black and white film, the more unnatural and dissatisfying it is to see B&W out of a digital sensor, even the m monochrome. Traditional emulsion has a look, a texture, a feel, a depth that is so much more gratifying to the eyes than the fake stuff. Maybe my eyes are being “retrained” to see things different. Maybe….maybe I need to continue to shoot film. ”

This posting was in response to viewing images from the Leica M Monochrome (a true black and white digital sensor and a camera costing many thousands of dollars. caveat, I own 3 film Leica bodies so not a leica basher nor fanboy). The images are HERE. Now I ran across this link due to the author out of enthusiasm posting the link on Fredmiranda. Fantastic! I would be thrilled too. However, the images to me are severely lacking in life. I will try to expand on this and maybe try to show some examples though I am sure will fall short.

Digital sensors are linear and do not like highlights. Once a threshold is hit, everything goes pure white. Film has a “shoulder” where highlights tend to roll off and extend for a long ways. For those with an audio background, think clipping. Digital input clips at 0db where you could get some natural compression and go over 0db with tape. Principles are similar. So the look is completely different. In addition, film has character, texture (due to grain) and depth (light is captured at differing depths within an emulsion). I can’t really explain it other than once your eyes get adjusted to the differences, it is stark. I will now post some images shot on digital and converted to black and white to SIMULATE film and then some actual film images. Hopefully you will see what I see.

First the digital. This was from a wedding I shot this past spring. I tried very hard to emulate film, using a “Tri X 400” plugin and adding grain digitally for texture.
digital B&W

Here is from a couple weeks ago of my wife shot with some kentmere 400.

kentmere 400

a film landscape from 2 weeks ago
kentmere 100

and a more apples to apples (though different camera/lens), from my first roll of Tri X 4 or 5 years ago (my sister, niece and nephew)
Tri X 400

Do you see the difference? I know these are small examples. Viewed large and especially viewed optically printed, traditional black and white is a completely different experience. Next time your in the antique store, look at some of the old photographs you come across. Hold it in your hands, appreciate this art that has slid to the backburner of society and appreciate the difference between film and 0’s and 1’s (digital). Film actually captures light and awaits to be chemically released creating a physical image. A completely different process.

Expired Kodak Plus X

Shooting expired film can sometimes be a crapshoot. Such was the case with this past roll of Kodak Plus X, expired in 1983. That means this film was most likely packaged in the mid to late 70’s. This roll of expired Kodak Plus X is almost 40 years old. I have no idea how this film was stored (heat is a killer for film) but was given a few rolls of this from a lot of expired tmax400 I wanted. Here is an image of the finished roll:

plus x

Ahhhhh, the old yellow grandfather.

Now, I did a little research before I shot this. I knew that I would need to develop in Kodak hc-110 to hopefully deal with the base fog better. I also knew that I needed to rate it lower, at least 2 or 3 stops at best. So I shot this 2 stops over the rated speed of 125. An old film needed old components, or so that was my reasoning. Might as well go really old. I chose my Leica IIIF from 1952, lens was the collapsible summitar with corresponding Leitz Wetzlar yellow filter. I actually used an old handheld Agfa Lucameter S from the 1950’s that surprisingly still works well. I was set. The roll was shot this past Sunday. Developing was timed at 3 minutes 45 seconds in dilution b of the hc-110. I had to compensate for the warmer water I had (approx. 75deg).

Now so much can go wrong with really old expired film. And certainly, this film was not stored well. If refrigerated or frozen, this film would still be nearly new with just some loss of speed. Not so. The negs came out really flat (loooooow contrast) and many frames the emulsion was coming off the film. However, I was still able to get quite a few usable images. Processing was minimal. The negatives were extremely fogged however my Kodak pakon f135+ scanner handled it without a hiccup. Adobe Lightroom 5 was used to bring the black point down and add a little sharpening. That is about it. See for yourself.

Roma Tomotoes, expired plus x

Grundy Lakes 1, expired plus x

construction site, expired plus x

coke ovens, expired plus x

So don’t throw away those old cassettes of film you find at the garage sale, estate sale or at the grandparents/parents house. It still has some life left in it.

Rocky Mountain National Park – a brief review

I have been neglecting this blog with new content for a variety of reasons. Often times, life and family take precedence and so it has been. Needless to say, I do feel somewhat compelled to post a short piece on a recent trip my wife Tammy and I took to Rocky Mountain National Park about 3 weeks ago. This will be a brief review of Rocky Mountain National Park, basically outlining the good and the bad of the park.

Tammy and I have fallen in love with our National Parks. We are not one for convential vacations (what is a conventional vacation?) and have found a passion we both enjoy. Included in this is our active lifestyle of hiking, climbing mountains, adventure and new experiences. It is our mission to visit all of our Nations National Parks in our lifetime. Not just visit, but truly immerse ourselves into them. It would be easy to tour the American west on a 2 week road trip and hit 75% or our parks. However, would you really have SEEN our parks? We intend each vacation to be a park. Camping, hiking and experiencing our parks. One problem is that we often fall in love with a specific park. Such was/is our experience with Big Bend National Park necessitating 4 week long visits in 4 years. I still want to go back even after committing to our last trip being the last. Never the less, this was intended as a short piece on Rocky Mountain National Park. The good and the bad.

GOOD:
Breathtaking beauty
Stunning vistas
Mountains, mountains, mountains!
Wildlife abundance
Varied terrain (woodlands, tundra, streams, meadows, glaciers)

BAD:
People
More people
Too many people

If it wasn’t for the good, the bad would have outweighed the park for us. It was flogged. I mean FLOGGED with people! Yes, it was summer, yes, it is our 2nd most visited national park (and for good reason) however exploring nature becomes difficult when you feel like your in Times Square except for buildings and streets you have trees and meadows. Ridiculous! My recommendation for anyone is to go off season or to go backcountry, far back country backpacking to get away from the crowds. Forget about the campsites, they are packed and booked way in advance. However, I must say, the beauty was amazing. Overall a positive experience. I am still working on images, slowly but surely from this trip but I will post a few to give you an example of the good.

Sprague Lake

Elk - Tundra

Rocky Mountain National Park Sunset

Rocky Mountain National Park Twilight

A thought on black and white photography

This morning, I was having a quick thought on black and white photography. Not really even a thought but an awareness. I am moving personally to more and more black and white capture. Specifically in the realm of traditional silver halide emulsions but with digital as well. Granted, nothing like some fall colors or a brilliant sunrise/sunset however there is something about a monochrome image that holds my attention just a bit longer, makes my brain twist just a bit more. Nostalgia maybe, or maybe something more.

I think I will roll up a couple/three rolls of kentmere 400 for my overnight trip to Memphis to pack along with my M5.

Here is an image from 2 or 3 years ago. Granted it is digital (shot with a canon 5dmkii) however I have a stronger connection to it than some of my other images from here in color from this location.

Fiery Gizzard Creek - Black and White - panorama

Savage Gulf

Last month I went hiking at Savage Gulf. Savage Gulf is part of the South Cumberland State Park located in TN. Specifically, I hiked 20+ miles in one day, my personal longest, from the Savage Gulf Ranger station, to Hobbs Cabin and back. This would usually make a great overnight backpacking trip however my faithful hiking companion, my wife Tammy, would not be available this day. This is a hike I have been wanting to tackle for quite sometime but various factors have prevented me. See, to do this mileage in one day, I would need plenty of daylight. However, the hot summer months are not conducive to long hikes. So, late spring appeared to be the best time. I was graced with spectacular weather this day as well. Partly cloudy most of the day with temperatures in the low to mid 70’s.

I did bring two companions with me. They were begging for a long hike. Literally. My trusty dog Noah and my new puppy Howie (6-7 months old at that time) would experience this with me. Noah I knew could handle it however this was Howie’s longest by 15 miles to date. He appeared eager and I brought him plenty of Tammy’s homemade dog biscuits. Due to the rain the night before, I knew the wet weather springs would provide them water.

selfie

This hike appealed for numerous reasons but foremost was due to the fact I had not done it! I also knew that though long, it would not be overly strenuous as it stayed up on the plateau. Additionally, there would be a diversity of sites I had not experienced. Perfect to help myself document sections of the park I had not previously done. So I packed up my gear and headed out long before daylight.

Gear for this trip was simple. Plenty of water (3 liters and a diet redbull for a lunch recharge), food for the dogs and myself, headlamp for caution, 2 sources of fire, knife, and two lightweight cameras with plenty of film. Film you say! Yes film. You see, my digital slr, though a compact (canon 5dmkii) compared to a a 1d series canon, is still very heavy compared to a comparable film kit. Add to that a zoom like the 24-105L and I would be weighted down with more than I was willing to carry. I also prefer c-41/negative film for daylight shooting as it handles highlights more effectively due to it’s almost infinite shoulder characteristic, it’s tonalities and predictability. I was not chasing magic light. I was documenting the rich natural beauty of this hike. And I was carrying one of the lightest camera setups ever made. A cheap (in case I trashed it in a fall) Nikon FG-20, a series e 50/1.8 pancake lens and a series e 28/2.8 lens. My backup camera was an Olympus XA4 (28/3.5 lens) loaded with black and white film (kentmere 400). Film for the Nikon was a mixture of Kodak Gold 200, Kodak proimage 100 and Fuji 200. I was set.

The trail began upon a path I knew very well. After the first junction, the trail began to cut across the plateau following the old Dinky Line Railway bed.
Dinky Line
10 miles of trail would meander through the forest with one climb of Cagle mountain. The scenery was very pleasant and without a soul in sight, peaceful. The following are images capture along the way.

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Eventually we came up on Hobbs Cabin, but not before a spectacular view of the gulf! The mountain laurel was also out in full bloom.

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As I had my lunch and the dogs their rest, we headed back out. I knew this section would be beautiful and was not let down. View upon view, overlook upon overlook was provided with endless viewing pleasure. Though as is natural for me, my image taking slowed down as my endurance began to slacken. Regardless, I still burned another couple rolls up. Here are a few more images from the second 10 mile leg.

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I made it out by around 5pm. Sore and tired, I was glad we made. The dogs were too. At a later date, I will expand upon my journey’s through the South Cumberland State Park.

Is film coming back?

My response to a thread on Fred Miranda. Is film coming back? Just some of my thoughts on the subject. My response as follows…

I have moved from 100% digital to 95% film. I pull my 5dmkii out of the bag about 1x per month. Probably the reason I have yet to upgrade this body (though I continue to add nice L glass). How has this happened? I like to figure things out and like a challenge, I enjoy the process, nothing like shooting a an old film body (my leica iiif is an absolute tactile joy) and film is a completely different medium from digital providing completely different results. But this evolution has been a process and I will elaborate.

In 2009 or 2010 I picked up some film camera from several different places adding to the old ae-1 of my dad that I shot with during the digital revolution. I could never get the quality scans I wanted on my old Epson flatbed and figured bigger was better moving to medium format. However could never get c-41 colors that looked right. Enter the Kodak pakon in late 2012. I bought the f135+ pakon scanner. Initial setup was a bit of a pain but settled eventually on using a VM XP on my Windoze 7 machine. It has been rock solid. The biggest bonus is 2 fold. Speed and color. I can scan a whole roll of film in 2.5 minutes flat and get the baked in Kodak color profiles. Win win. So much so I now only shoot 35mm film. Which leads to the 2nd reason I shoot film:

I love the tactile feel of old film cameras. The simplicity of a Nikon FM, the rangefinder of my Leica M’s and barnack, the compact size and solid feel of my pentax me, the old rokkor glass from a dead Minolta system, I love it all! And for pennies literally. I have 20-30 film cameras ranging from Canon, Nikon, Olympus, Pentax, Mamiya, Minolta, Leica with glass for all. These cameras are a joy to use. I even use my modern L glass on a canon 7ne (eye control AF!). This is for me to enjoy. This is what I shoot most of my personal work on. My family, what matters to me. Paid jobs I shoot digital. Critical work (stuff I plan on selling) I shoot digital though this is starting to change. I shot my last wedding shooting both digital and film (portra and triX). Guess which images I prefer

I also develop my own film, both c-41 and b&w. I am also in process of setting up a darkroom (have a besseler 67 given to me) and will hopefully begin learning this side of things.

I also roast my own coffee beans. Yes I can buy them in a store (poor quality). I can order online from a micro roasting company (pricy) or I can have the ultimate in cup quality from my own roast.

My experience. I am sure I am not alone. A lot of people moving back to a more traditional slow process to move away from our instant society. I am about to order 3 100′ rolls of film. I doubt film is going anywhere.

Fiery Gizzard to Foster Falls

This fall, my wife and I did a 13+ mile hike from Fiery Gizzard to Foster Falls. This area is part of the larger South Cumberland State Park system up on the lower portion of the Cumberland Plateau. Fiery Gizzard is a place I have been visiting my entire life. It is a most beautiful and diverse place that abounds with natural beauty. The reason for our hike was somewhat bittersweet. You see, as of Dec. 1, 2015 a portion of the trail was re-routed as trail access through an easement based on a handshake across private property was revoked. I wanted to hike, document and experience the trail in it’s original splendor. This year I will probably hike it again experiencing the new trail section that bypasses the old.

This hike is a tough one and is not a loop requiring my wife and I to both leave a car at each end. 13-14 miles is tough for anyone and I new that sections of the trail were challenging. We did this hike in its entirety a few years back in late May. It was brutal then coupled with running out of water (my mistake, only brought 2 liters) and ended up getting attacked by a swarm of bees. Stings were had all over including head, face, chest, back and butt. I did not want a repeat needless to say. Late fall and carrying extra water assured pleasantness. It proved to be a good hike.

I took one camera with me, a canon A1 with 3 rolls of film and 3 lenses. 1 roll of Kodak ektar (wish I had brought more) and 2 rolls of Kodak gold. I shot all 3 rolls as the late fall foliage was absolutely stunning. Lenses brought were the canon 50/1.8 and 24/2.8 and a vivitar 28/2.8. Noah, are faithful hiking dog companion came with us. This was a long journey with many images so I am sharing quite a few of them. I will try and go in order from beginning to end so you can get an idea of the journey we had. If anyone wants to know more about this park, visit the parks WEBSITE and for the conservation minded folks who would like to participate in assuring park protection, visit the FRIENDS OF SOUTH CUMBERLAND STATE PARK website.  And last but not least, visit beautiful Fiery Gizzard!

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A stroll at Old Stone Fort State Park

A few weeks back I took a stroll at Old Stone Fort State Park.  This is a park my wife and I visit weekly as it backs up behind our house.  One of our favorite places and one I have shot at extensively.  This day I decided for a different approach.   To take a slow walk and limit my self with option, carrying only a Nikon FM, e series 28/2.8 lens and one roll of Kentmere 100 black and white film.  My tripod came along as well.  I walked slowly and with purpose, looking for what caught my fancy, finding new compositions and exploring off trail.  This approach always brings me delight as I have to really pay attention to my surroundings.  My creative juices flow so to speak.  I was pleased with this walk.  Very relaxing allowing myself to feel a part of.  Nature, the outdoors has always provided a sense of connection, a very spiritual experience, one I seek out routinely.  This was a needed excursion to Old Stone Fort State Park.  Here a few images from my walk.  I hope you enjoy it and remember to come by and visit my website sometime JPBuffington Photography.

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Ranger Falls

Ranger Falls is part of the South Cumberland State Park and is found in Savage Gulf.  It can be accessed by hiking from the Stone Door Ranger Station and requires about a half day’s time allotted due to the 7+ mile round trip hike.  This is a falls I have not frequented all that often due the remoteness and the fact it is on a 1 mile spur trail from the main trail.  In the summer and early fall, it is just a trickle but in spring when the frequent rain keeps the creeks full, the falls are quite impressive.  This falls is interesting in that it goes underground at the base.  Several falls within the park due to this only to reappear later.  Sinks and caves are common due to the limestone.  Horsepound Falls (also in Savage Gulf) is similar in this respect.  The pool at the base is small and quickly flows into a cave to the side and behind the falls.  This particular trip was almost a disaster twice.  The spray from the falls had made the rim rocks ultra slick and I about lost my camera, lens and myself to a nasty fall.  Somehow I managed to keep myself upright.  The second near disaster involved the hike out and a very large, fat cotton mouth that I almost stepped on and my dog did.  Ooops!  Anyways, thought I would share a few images.  These were taken last spring.
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Service

The ability to serve others is a gift.  Many encounter this through their profession (in a service occupation).  However, nothing brings as much joy as doing for others without compensation, without expectation, just simply because you can.

This fall I had the joy of providing my wedding services to by step daughter and now son in law on their big day.  I do not shoot as many weddings as I used to (other commitments have take precedent) but am still proficient at the craft and was honored to be asked.  I wanted this to be something special so I chose a timeless medium for a good portion of the wedding: film.  I shot polaroids (impossible B&W instant film) to give all something to view during the reception.  A mixture of B&W (shot through a 63 year old leica) and color images.  Digital was also used.  I could not have been more pleased with the outcomes and wanted to share a few here.

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